Articles (Opinion/Analysis)

South Sudan, Extension or Not: of Sanctions, R-ARCSS & or RTGoNU

By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, May 7th 2022

In this month of May, the Program of Work, about South Sudan, for the United Nations Security Council include South Sudan Sanctions expire and or Sanctions adoption.

As far as the South Sudan situation is concerned, it is true that all those issues relate in some and many ways, ranging from issues around the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, other processes with the non-signtories of the Agreement, and possible legitimate improvements in light of the delays and all realities.

“Rather than breaking the violent cycle of elite political bargaining in South Sudan, the 2018 Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (the peace agreement) has become part of it. Almost every component of the peace agreement is now hostage to the political calculations of the country’s military and security elites, who use a combination of violence, misappropriated public resources and patronage to pursue their own narrow interests. As a result, much of the peace agreement remains gridlocked by political disputes between its principal signatories,” partly read the most recent (final) Report of the Panel of Experts on South Sudan.

“Other regional tensions and disputes continue to limit engagement with the peace process in South Sudan, although the Sudan and Uganda have sought to break the impasse on specific issues. Negotiations with groups that are yet to sign the peace agreement have largely stalled, resulting in an escalation in military confrontations between the Government and the National Salvation Front, particularly in Central Equatoria. There remains an urgent need for increased engagement to salvage the prospect of the peace agreement securing peace and stability at the national and subnational levels.”

The recent progress observed in the unification of command among the parties to the R-ARCSS is one, impending graduation of the unified forces is another expected, even as the issues of sanctions (arms embargo) extension or lifting,  also relate to all these, sometimes.

Significant decision matters in this current times include on discussions about fast-tracking implementation of the remaining parts of the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan so as to reach and conduct elections as envisioned in the Transitional Constitution and the Agreement; extending the term of the Agreement and that of the government through the procedures provided for in the Transitional Constitution and the Agreement, and or making possible legitimate  improvements on the processes, including with the non-signatories of the Agreement.

This discussion on some of these topics remains relevant, Watch/See the link:

https://web.facebook.com/1013616942042634/videos/696483221545015

Roger Alfred Yoron Modi, a South Sudanese journalist, is the author of the book Freedom of Expression and Media Laws in South Sudan.  He is also the Producer and Host of The Weekly Review: Making Sense of Relevant Topics and News. For more, keep in touch with this his website rogeryoronmodi.com

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